CACP Bulletin

Summer 2016

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4 CACP Summer 2016 A s society evolves and becomes more complex, a host of social issues and new forms of criminal behaviour demand alternative, innovative solutions. Added to this environ- ment is the increasing scrutiny on police decisions and actions, and calls for greater accountability from policy makers and the public. Public confidence in policing today depends on effective, evidence- based strategies and practice. Police leaders, policy makers and academics recognize that Canadian policing needs a system-wide transformation rather than incremental adjustments actually. Credible research is a critical enabler for all areas of policing. How Research Makes a Difference What is evidence-based practice in policing? It is a process, based on scientific evidence, which involves critical thinking and the evaluation of information to determine the most effective and efficient solution for our community. Today, a police service's ability to access research to help make better, informed professional decisions can be critical. Good decisions result in safer communities and bad decisions can end up on the evening news. Data and research shine a light into the root causes of crime, social disorder and management issues so that police can respond with sound, efficient and cost-effective solutions for their commu- nities. It was research pulled from a case study in Winnipeg that helped to eradicate a crisis of car thefts, making the city safer for its citizens. Policing research leads to innovative solutions for maximum community impact. Research led police in Prince Albert, SK to a collaborative model of community safety where a budding criminal's career is "nipped in the bud" because of collaborative multi-agency intervention. Research also demystifies where and how police really spend their time, and what their workloads entail. Between 70 and 80 percent of police time is spent on activities that are not directly related to law enforcement. Research helps leaders justify the allocation of resources to governance bodies and the public, through evidence-based solutions. The CACP Research Foundation – A Tradition of Firsts The CACP Research Foundation was first established in 1982. Situated within the CACP, the organization administered an academic scholarship and undertook limited activities for several years. With significant changes in Canadian society and in policing, the organization was resurrected in 2010, aligned with, but independent of, the CACP. By 2012, the CACP Research Foundation had created its own Constitution, established a nine-member Board, set goals and established a business plan. The CACP Research Foundation led the development of the first-ever Canadian Police Executive Research Agenda in consultation with the CACP, academics and policy makers. Distributed widely, it served as a starting point for other initiatives such as Public Safety Canada's Economics of Policing Summit and the creation of the Shared Forward Agenda. The CACP Research Foundation also initiated an online research library housed within Public Safety Canada that today contains over 9000 titles. Research initiated by academics, police services and government bodies both in Canada and internationally may be found in the Canadian Policing Research Catalogue. In March, 2016 the CACP Research Foundation hosted the first Canadian conference on policing research in Montreal. The event brought together 160 police executives, academics, police researchers and expert speakers from across Canada to focus on the need for, and ways to incorporate, evidence-based policing CHANGING STRATEGY FOR CHALLENGING TIMES By: Susan Clarke, Executive Director

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