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17 Signs of FAS include: - low birth weight: - small head circumference - failure to thrive - behavioural problems (hyperactivity, anxiety, decreased attention span, etc.) - developmental delay - organ dysfunction - facial abnormalities - epilepsy - poor coordination and fine motor skills - poor socialization skills - lack of imagination or curiosity - learning difficulties FAS, FAE and FASD We all know that women aren't supposed to drink when they are pregnant, but many people don't see the harm in a glass of wine at night or a beer on the weekend. However, there is no safe time or a safe amount of alcohol when it comes to expecting mothers. Any amount of alcohol at any stage of pregnancy is a risk, as fetal brain development is an ongoing process. Alcohol is the leading known preventable cause of developmental and physical birth defects, as well as developmental disabilities. Alcohol is a known teratogen, which means it causes birth defects. When a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, the alcohol crosses the placenta to the fetus and impairs the fetus' development. The brain and central nervous system are highly susceptible to alcohol; when exposed, permanent damage can result. Fetal exposure to alcohol is irreversible, irreparable and completely preventable. Augusta Lipscombe Be Optimistic, Keep the Glass Empty FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) occurs when an expecting mother consumes alcohol and the health of the fetus is compromised. FAS effects approximately 2 in 1000 Canadian births and results in physical, developmental and/or mental problems. It is estimated that in the United States, the overall social and health cost of FAS is $800 000 per child born. The main effect of FAS is permanent central nervous system damage (specifically to the brain), which can lead to primary cognitive and functional disabilities (poor memory, attention deficits, impulse behaviour, poor cause and effect reasoning, etc.) as well as secondary disabilities, including predisposition to mental health and addictions. The most common physical effects are central nervous system abnormalities, a particular facial feature pattern and slowed growth. There are a few factors affecting the severity of the syndrome. Timing of alcohol use can play a key role; as drinking earlier in the pregnancy is more likely to cause facial, organ, bone and central nervous system changes. Amount and frequency of alcohol consumed; the mother's general health condition and the resources available to the mother also play an important role.

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